Connection: close Content-Type: text/html HvrBase++ Genome Regions

HvrBase++ Genome Regions

Short Name Name Alternative Name Product Start Stop Direction Entrez Gene Description
12s_RNAmitochondrially encoded 12S RNAMTRNR1rRNA64816011Gen 4549Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is the primary constituent of ribosomes. Ribosomes are the protein-manufacturing organelles
D-loopD-loopD-loopnon coding161041911displacement loop. A non-coding region of mtDNA, supposed to mutate at higher rate than the rest of the mitochondrial genome. Also, a region which in several species exhibits length mutations due to the presence of repetitive motifs.
tRNA-Glnmitochondrially encoded tRNA glutamineMTTQtRNA432944002Gen 4572A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
HvrIIhypervaribale region IIHvsIInon coding14081HvrII defined by HvrBase
ND2NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2MTND2gen447055111Gen 4536Complex I of the mitochondrial electron transfer chain, catalyzes the transfer of electrons from NADH to coenzyme Q (CoQ). It is also known as the NADH:Ubiquinone oxidoreductase
ND5NADH dehydrogenase subunit 5MTND5gen12337141481Gen 4540Complex I of the mitochondrial electron transfer chain, catalyzes the transfer of electrons from NADH to coenzyme Q (CoQ). It is also known as the NADH:Ubiquinone oxidoreductase
ND4NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4MTND4gen10760121371Gen 4538Complex I of the mitochondrial electron transfer chain, catalyzes the transfer of electrons from NADH to coenzyme Q (CoQ). It is also known as the NADH:Ubiquinone oxidoreductase
tRNA-Asnmitochondrially encoded tRNA asparagineMTTNtRNA565757292Gen 4570A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
tRNA-Aspmitochondrially encoded tRNA aspartic acidMTTDtRNA751875851Gen 4555Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is the primary constituent of ribosomes. Ribosomes are the protein-manufacturing organelles
tRNA-Hismitochondrially encoded tRNA histidineMTTHtRNA12138122061Gen 4564A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
tRNA-Argmitochondrially encoded tRNA arginineMTTRtRNA10405104691Gen 4573A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
tRNA-Metmitochondrially encoded tRNA methionineMTTMtRNA440244691Gen 4569A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
H-promotororigin H-strand replicationH-promotornon coding5315681Promotor of the heay strand replication.
rep_origin_lorigin of replication lORI-lnon coding574157521origin L-strand replication. The origin of replication (also called the replication origin) is a unique DNA sequence at which DNA replication is initiated. DNA replication may proceed from this point bidirectionally or unidirectionally
tRNA-Lysmitochondrially encoded tRNA lysineMTTKtRNA829583641Gen 4566A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
ND1NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1MTND1gen330742631Gen 4535Complex I of the mitochondrial electron transfer chain, catalyzes the transfer of electrons from NADH to coenzyme Q (CoQ). It is also known as the NADH:Ubiquinone oxidoreductase
HvrIhypervariable region IHvsInon coding16001164081HvrI defined by HvrBase
tRNA-Trpmitochondrially encoded tRNA tryptophanMTTWtRNA551244791Gen 4578A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
tRNA-Tyrmitochondrially encoded tRNA tyrosineMTTYtRNA582658912Gen 4579A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
rep_origin_2origin of replication 2ORI2non coding11911The origin of replication (also called the replication origin) is a unique DNA sequence at which DNA replication is initiated. DNA replication may proceed from this point bidirectionally or unidirectionally
tRNA-Glymitochondrially encoded tRNA glycineMTTGtRNA9991100581Gen 4563A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
ND4LNADH dehydrogenase subunit 4LMTND4Lgen10470107661Gen 4539Complex I of the mitochondrial electron transfer chain, catalyzes the transfer of electrons from NADH to coenzyme Q (CoQ). It is also known as the NADH:Ubiquinone oxidoreductase
COX3cytochrome oxidase subunit 3MTCO3gen920799871Gen 4514A class of protein, found in mitochondrial membranes, whose main function is oxidative phosphorylation of ADP to form ATP
tRNA-Promitochondrially encoded prolineMTTPtRNA15955160232Gen 4571A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
16s_RNAmitochondrially encoded 16S RNAMTRNR2rRNA167132291Gen 4550Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is the primary constituent of ribosomes. Ribosomes are the protein-manufacturing organelles
tRNA-Leumitochondrially encoded tRNA leucineMTTL2tRNA12266123361Gen 4568A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
ATP6ATPase 6MTATP6gen852792071Gen 4508An enzyme that can synthesize adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and inorganic phosphate by utilizing some form of energy
tRNA-Sermitochondrially encoded tRNA serineMTTS2tRNA12207122651Gen 4575A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
tRNA-Glumitochondrially encoded glutamic acidMTTEtRNA14674147422Gen 4556A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
ND3NADH dehydrogenase subunit 3MTND3gen10059104041Gen 4537Complex I of the mitochondrial electron transfer chain, catalyzes the transfer of electrons from NADH to coenzyme Q (CoQ). It is also known as the NADH:Ubiquinone oxidoreductase
CYTBcytochrome bMTCYBgen14747158811Gen 4519Complex III removes in a stepwise fashion two electrons from QH2 and transfers them to two molecules of cytochrome c, a water-soluble electron carrier located on the outer surface of the membrane.
ND6NADH dehydrogenase subunit 6MTND6gen14149146732Gen 4541Complex I of the mitochondrial electron transfer chain, catalyzes the transfer of electrons from NADH to coenzyme Q (CoQ). It is also known as the NADH:Ubiquinone oxidoreductase
tRNA-Phemitochondrially encoded tRNA phenylalanineMTTFtRNA5776471Gen 4558A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
tRNA-Cysmitochondrially encoded tRNA cysteineMTTCtRNA576158262Gen 4511A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
COX1cytochrome oxidase subunit 1MTCO1gen590474451Gen 4512A class of protein, found in mitochondrial membranes, whose main function is oxidative phosphorylation of ADP to form ATP
tRNA-Thrmitochondrially encoded threonineMTTTtRNA15888159531Gen 4576A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
COX2cytochrome oxidase subunit 2MTCO2gen758682691Gen 4513A class of protein, found in mitochondrial membranes, whose main function is oxidative phosphorylation of ADP to form ATP
rep_origin_1origin of replicationORInon coding16104161721The origin of replication (also called the replication origin) is a unique DNA sequence at which DNA replication is initiated. DNA replication may proceed from this point bidirectionally or unidirectionally
tRNA-Alamitochondrially encoded tRNA alaninMTTAtRNA558756551Gen 4553A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
tRNA-Valmitochondrially encoded tRNA valineMTTVtRNA160216701Gen 4577A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
ATP8ATPase 8MTATP8gen836685721Gen 4509An enzyme that can synthesize adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and inorganic phosphate by utilizing some form of energy
tRNA-Ilemitochondrially encoded tRNA isoleucinMTTItRNA426343311Gen 4565A small RNA chain (73-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation
D-loop-termD-loop termination signalD-loop_termnon coding16158161721

Genome Regions extracted from cambridge reference sequence

Mitochondrial DNA Map from mitomap

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